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Michelangelo

Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (March 6, 1475 – February 18, 1564), commonly known as Michelangelo, was an Italian Renaissance painter, sculpor, architect, poet, and engineer.

Michelangelo's output in every field during his long life was prodigious; when the sheer volume of correspondence, sketches and reminiscences that survive is also taken into account, he is the best-documented artist of the 16th century. Two of his best-known works, the Pietà and the David, were sculpted before he turned thirty. Despite his low opinion of painting, Michelangelo also created two of the most influential works in fresco in the history of Western art: the scenes from Genesis on the ceiling and The Last Judgment on the altar wall of the Sistine Chapel in Rome.

Two biographies were published of him during his lifetime. One of them proposed that he was the pinnacle of all artistic achievement since the beginning of the Renaissance. In his lifetime he was also often called Il Divino ("the divine one"). One of the qualities most admired by his contemporaries was his terribilità, a sense of awe-inspiring grandeur, and it was the attempts of subsequent artists to imitate Michelangelo's impassioned and highly personal style that resulted in the next major movement in Western art: Mannerism.

The above information is based on the Michelangelo article on Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, based on the GNU Free Documentation License.

Links:

The Digital Michelangelo Project

Michelangelo's Florence

Vatican Museums

Michelangelo at the Louvre Museum

Michelangelo Buonarroti at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

Michelangelo Buonarroti at the National Gallery of Art


Resources:


Michelangelo : Life, Letters, and Poetry (Oxford World's Classics)

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