Marvin Lee Minsky (born August 9, 1927) is an American cognitive scientist in the field of artificial intelligence (AI), co-founder of MIT's AI laboratory, and author of several texts on AI and philosophy. Marvin Lee Minsky was born in New York City where he attended The Fieldston School and the Bronx High School of Science. He served in the US Navy from 1944 to 1945. He holds a BA in Mathematics from Harvard (1950) and a PhD in the same field from Princeton (1954). He has been on the MIT faculty since 1958. He is currently Toshiba Professor of Media Arts and Sciences, and Professor of electrical engineering and computer science. Minsky won the Turing Award in 1969, the Japan Prize in 1990, the IJCAI Award for Research Excellence in 1991, and the Benjamin Franklin Medal from the Franklin Institute in 2001.
Minsky's patents include the first head-mounted graphical display (1963) and the confocal scanning microscope (1957, a predecessor to today's widely used confocal laser scanning microscope). He developed with Seymour Papert the first Logo "turtle". Minsky also built, in 1951, the first randomly wired neural network learning machine, SNARC.
Minsky is listed on Google Directory as one of the all time top six people in the field of artificial intelligence.
The above information is based on the Minsky article on Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, based on the GNU Free Documentation License.
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