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John Dewey

John Dewey (October 20, 1859 - June 1, 1952) was an American philosopher, psychologist, and education reformer. He, along with Charles Sanders Peirce and William James, is recognized as one of the founders of the philosophical school of Pragmatism. He is also known as the father of functional psychology and was a leading representative of the progressive movement in U.S. schooling during the first half of the 20th century.

After receiving his Ph.D. from the School of Arts & Sciences at Johns Hopkins University in 1884, he took a faculty position at the University of Michigan. In 1894 Dewey joined the newly founded University of Chicago where he shaped his belief in an empirically based theory of knowledge aligning his ideals with the newly emerging Pragmatic school of thought. His time at the University of Chicago resulted in four essays collectively entitled Thought and its Subject-Matter which was published with works from his colleagues at Chicago under the title Studies in Logical Theory (1903). During this time Dewey also founded the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools where he was able to actualize his pedagogical beliefs which provided material for his first major work on education, The School and Society (1899). Disagreements with the administration ultimately led to his resignation from the University at which point he left for the East Coast. From 1904 until his death he was professor of philosophy at both Columbia University and Teachers College, Columbia University.

Along with the historian Charles Beard, economists Thorstein Veblen and James Harvey Robinson, Dewey is one of the founders of The New School for Social Research. Dewey's most significant writings were "The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology" (1896), a critique of a standard psychological concept and the basis of all his further work; Democracy and Education (1916), his celebrated work on progressive education; Human Nature and Conduct (1922), a study of the role of habit in human behavior; The Public and its Problems (1927), a defense of democracy (1925); Experience and Nature (1925), Dewey's most "metaphysical" statement; Art as Experience (1934), Dewey's major work on aesthetics; A Common Faith (1934), a humanistic study of religion; Logic: The Theory of Inquiry (1938), an examination of Dewey's unusual conception of logic; and Freedom and Culture (1939), a political work examining the roots of fascism.

The above information was taken from the Dewey article on Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, based on the GNU Free Documentation License.

Links:

University of Chicago Laboratory Schools - Nursery-12th grade school founded by Dewey in 1896 on his principles of hands-on learning and exploration

John Dewey: His Life and Work 4-minute clip from a documentary film

1928 Time Magazine article about Dewey

Democracy and Education: an introduction to the philosophy of education by John Dewey on Project Gutenberg

Moral Principles in Education by John Dewey on Project Gutenberg

Center for Dewey Studies

Quote graphic:

education is life itself. John Dewey quote at DailyLearners.com

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