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George Washington Carver (January 1864 – January 5, 1943) was born into slavery, and in spite of racial discrimination, rose to become one of the most respected scientists in the United States.

In 1896, Carver was invited to lead the Agriculture Department at the five-year-old Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, later Tuskegee University, by its founder, Booker T. Washington, in Tuskegee Alabama. Carver accepted the position, teaching former slaves farming techniques for self-sufficiency. Carver remained there for 47 years, until his death in 1943.

Much of Carver's fame is based on his research and promotion of alternative crops to cotton, such as peanuts and sweet potatoes. He wanted poor farmers to grow alternative crops as both a source of their own food as well as a source of other products to improve their quality of life. His most popular bulletin contained 105 existing food recipes that used peanuts. He also created or disseminated about 100 products made from peanuts that were useful for the house and farm, including cosmetics, dyes, paints, plastics, gasoline, and nitroglycerin.

To commemorate his life and inventions, George Washington Carver Recognition Day is celebrated every January 5, the day Carver died.

The above information is based on the Carver article on Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, based on the GNU Free Documentation License.


Legends of Tuskegee: George Washington Carver from the National Parks Service

National Parks Service, George Washington Carver National Monument from the National Parks Service

Carver Tribute from Tuskegee University

Iowa State University, The Legacy of George Washington Carver from Iowa State University


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