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Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (November 30, 1874-January 24, 1965) was a British politician known chiefly for his leadership of the United Kingdom during World War II. He served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940-1945 and again from 1951-1955. A noted statesman and orator, Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, an historian, a Nobel Prize-winning writer, and an artist.

During his army career, Churchill saw combat in India, in the Sudan and the Second Boer War. He gained fame and notoriety as a war correspondent and through contemporary books he wrote describing the campaigns. He also served briefly in the British Army on the Western Front in World War I.

At the forefront of the political scene for almost sixty years, he held many political and cabinet positions. Before the First World War, he served as President of the Board of Trade, Home Secretary, and First Lord of the Admiralty. During the war he continued as First Lord of the Admiralty until the disastrous Battle of Gallipoli caused his departure from government. He returned as Minister of Munitions, Secretary of State for War, and Secretary of State for Air. In the inter-war years, he served as Chancellor of th eExchequer in the Conservative government.

After the outbreak of the Second World War, Churchill was again appointed First Lord of the Admiralty. Following the resignation of Neville Chamberlain on 10 May 1940, he became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and led Britain to victory against the Axis powers. Churchill was always noted for his speeches, which became a great inspiration to the British people and embattled Allied forces.

After losing the 1945 election, he became Leader of the Opposition. In 1951, he again became Prime Minister before finally retiring in 1955. Upon his death the Queen granted him the honor of a state funeral which saw one of the largest assemblies of statesmen in the world.


The above information was taken from the Churchill article on Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, based on the GNU Free Documentation License.


Links:

Winston Churchill Memorial and Library
Churchill for teachers
Churchill on PBS
Works of Churchill on Project Gutenberg
History Channel classroom study guide
list of books about Churchill

Resources:

Churchill: 12 lectures, taught by J. Rufus Fears, Ph.D., Harvard University


world war II

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