Pablo Picasso (October 25, 1881 - April 8, 1973) was a Spanish painter, draughtsman, and sculptor. As one of the most recognized figures in twentieth-century art, he is best known for co-founding theCubist movement and for the wide variety of styles embodied in his work. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907) and his depiction of the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War, Guernica (1937).
The young Picasso showed a passion and a skill for drawing from an early age. According to his mother, his first words were “piz, piz,” a shortening of lápiz, the Spanish word for ‘pencil’. From the age of seven, Picasso received formal artistic training from his father in figure drawing and oil painting. Ruiz was a traditional, academic artist and instructor who believed that proper training required disciplined copying of the masters and drawing the human body from plaster casts and live models. His son became preoccupied with art to the detriment of his classwork.
Picasso’s work is often categorized into periods. While the names of many of his later periods are debated, the most commonly accepted periods in his work are the Blue Period (1901–1904), the Rose Period (1905–1907), the African-influenced Period (1908–1909), Analytic Cubism (1909–1912), and Synthetic Cubism (1912–1919). Several paintings by Picasso rank among the most expensive paintings in the world.The above information was taken from the Picasso article on Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, based on the GNU Free Documentation License.
Metropolitan Museum of Art
PBS: the story behind Guernica
Picasso in Time Magazine
A Hidden Picasso
note: I have carefully chosen the above resources and consider them to be among the best available on the topic. Clicking on an image will take you to Amazon.com where you can read descriptions and reviews. If you choose to buy the title, you will be supporting this site.