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Maria Montessori (August 31, 1870-May 6, 1952) was an Italian physician, educator, philosopher, and humanitarian. She is best known for her philosophy and the Montessori Method of education of children from birth to adolescence. Her educational method is in use today in a number of public as well as private schools throughout the world.

The Montessori Method is characterized by an emphasis on self-directed activity on the part of the child and clinical observation on the part of the teacher (often called a "director" or "guide"). It stresses the importance of adapting the child's learning environment to his or her developmental level, and of the role of physical activity in absorbing academic concepts and practical skills. It is also characterized by the use of self-correcting equipment to introduce various concepts.

Although there are many schools which use the name "Montessori," the word itself is not recognized as a trademark, nor is it associated with a single specific organization.

The above information was taken from the Maria Montessori and the Montessori Method articles on Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, based on the GNU Free Documentation License.


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The International Montessori Index

The American Montessori Society

Books and Materials related to the Montessori Method


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