Albert Einstein (March 14, 1879-April 18, 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist. He is best known for his theory of relativity and specifically the mass-energy equivalence, E = mc 2. Einstein received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect. "
Einstein's many contributions to physics include his special theory of relativity, which reconciled mechanics with electromagnetism, and his general theory of relativity, which extended dthe principle of relativity to non-uniform motion, creating a new theory of gravitation. His other contributions include relativistic cosmology, capillary action, critical opalescence, classical problemsof statsitical mechanics and their applicaiton to quantum theory, an explanation of the Brownian movement of molecules, atomic transition probabilities, the quantum theory of a monatomic gas, thermal properties of light with low radiation density (which laid the foundation for the photon theory), a theory of radiation including stimulated emission, the conception of a unified field theory, and the geometrization of physics.
Einstein published over 3,000 scientific works and over 150 non-scientific works. Einstein is revered by the physics community, and in 1999 Time Magazine named him the "Person of the Century." In wider culture, the name "Einstein" has become synonymous with genius.The above information was taken from the Einstein article on Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, based on the GNU Free Documentation License.
The Einstein Archives
Nova: Einstein's Big Idea (interactives, teachers guides)
Einstein: Image and Impact from the American Institute of Physics
Time Magazine's Person of the Century
Article about Einstein for kids
Einstien quote graphics:
Einstein's Relativity and the Quantum Revolution: Modern Physics for Non-Scientists 24 lectures by Richard Wolfson, Middlebury College
list of books about Einstein on Amazon
note: I have carefully chosen the above resources and consider them to be among the best available on the topic. Clicking on an image will take you to Amazon.com where you can read descriptions and reviews. If you choose to buy the title, you will be supporting this site.