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Aristotle

Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher, a student of Plato, and teacher of Alexander the Great.

Aristotle (together with Plato and Socrates) is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. He was the first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing morality and aesthetics, logic and science, politics and metaphysics. Aristotle's views on the physical sciences profoundly shaped medieval scholarship, and their influence extended well into the Renaissance, although they were ultimately replaced by modern physics. In the biological sciences, some of his observations were only confirmed to be accurate in the nineteenth century. His works contain the earliest known formal study of logic which were incorporated in the late nineteenth century into modern formal logic. All aspects of Aristotle's philosophy continue to be the object of active academic study today.

Though Aristotle wrote many elegant treatises and dialogues (Cicero described his literary style as "a river of gold"), it is thought that the majority of his writings are now lost; it is believed that only about one third of the original works have survived.

The above information was taken from the Aristotle article on Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, based on the GNU Free Documentation License.

Links:

Works of Aristotle with discussion from MIT


Resources:





Philosophy for Kids:
40 Questions that Help You Wonder About Everything!




The Story of Science: Aristotle Leads the Way


Tools of the Ancient Greeks:
A Kid's Guide to the History and Science of Life in Ancient Greece


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